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  • Animation Types

    Little Tora: The Abandoned Cat (1947)

    Filed under: animation, , ,

    Producer(s): Nihon Doga and Toho Kyoiku Eiga

    Acrobatty Bunny

    Filed under: animation, , , , , , ,

    Aesop’s Fables Studio

    Filed under: studio, , , , , , , , ,

    "Aesop's Fables Studio was a small animation studio. Aesop's Fables Studio was founded by Paul Terry in 1920 with financial support from the Keith-Albee vaudeville team in order to produce a series of animated shorts called Aesop’s Film Fables. The..."

    Alexandre Alexandrovitch Alexeieff

    Filed under: people, , , ,

    "Alexandre Alexeieff was a Russian Paris-based illustrator and animator best known for inventing the pinscreen and totalization animation techniques with Claire Parker.Alexeieff was born inKazan,Russiain 1901. However, the family soon moved to Istanbu..."

    American Animated Films: The Silent Era, 1897-1929

    Filed under: resource, , ,

    Author: Dennis Gifford

    "Arranged chronologically by series, this is a complete annotated listing of all the animated films produced in the US before the advent of sound."

    Ballot Box Bunny

    Filed under: animation, , , , , , ,

    Producer(s): Edward Selzer

    Release Date: 06/10/1951

    "A political Warner Bros. cartoon in which Yosemite Sam runs a violent campaign for mayor against his challenger Bugs Bunny."

    Bedtime

    Filed under: animation, , , , , ,

    Producer(s): Max Fleischer, Alfred Weiss

    Release Date: 01/12/1923

    "Max Fleischer leaves his creation Koko the Clown stranded on a mountain top so he can get some sleep. Koko gets off the mountain and searches for Fleischer, terrorizing New York (he's grown in size at this point) in the process. The very interesting ..."

    Bob Clampett Productions

    Filed under: studio, , , , , , , , , ,

    "Bob Clampett left Warner Bros. in 1946 to open his own studio, Bob Clampett Productions in 1948. As many writers and fans point out, Clampett was as much fascinated with animation as he was with puppetry. As part of his new studio, Clampett created a..."

    Bosko Shipwrecked!

    Filed under: animation, , , , ,

    Producer(s): Hugh Harman, Rudolf Ising

    Release Date: 19/09/1931

    "Bosko attempts to steer a boat through a storm to no avail. He then washes ashore only to be hassled by the local wildlife.Bosko and the lion's alternation between movement towards and away from the spectator deserves particular note for its innovati..."

    Brad Bird

    Filed under: people, , , , , ,

    "Brad started his first animated cartoon at age eleven and finished it at fourteen. The film attracted the attention of Disney Studios which offered the young legend a chance to come be mentored by Milt Kahl, one of the Nine Old Men. After graduating ..."

    Burt Gillett

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Burt Gillett was one of the first novice animators to come to Walt Disney Studios and work alongside Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks. He took a number of important directorial positions at the studio, directing a few of Disney's most important early animat..."

    Carl W. Stalling

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , , ,

    "Carl Stalling was the composer of Warner Bros. Cartoon classic Looney Tunes, serving as composer and arranger for over 22 years and averaging the completion of a score per week. Sta..."

    Claire Parker

    Filed under: people, ,

    "Claire Parker was an American engineer and animator who is best known for her collaboration with Russian animator Alexandre Alexeieff on inventing pinscreen animation.Claire Parker was born inBoston,Massachusettsto a wealthy and privileged family. Sh..."

    Daffy the Commando

    Filed under: animation, , , , , , , , ,

    Producer(s): Leon Schlesinger

    Release Date: 20/11/1943

    "Daffy Duck parachutes onto a German base in WW2 and torments some Nazis. As he is shot by a cannon, he flies over (whilst holding two American flags, none the less) to a Nazi rally, and smacks Hitler with a hammer. Elements of propaganda abound, but ..."

    Dinner Time

    Filed under: animation, , , , , ,

    Producer(s): Paul Terry

    Release Date: 17/12/1928 (copyright date, possibly not release date)

    "An early example of sound animation. In it, animals square off against each other and then join forces against a Butcher (Farmer Alfalfa)."

    Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Mouse

    Filed under: animation, , , , , , , ,

    Producer(s): Fred Quimby

    Release Date: 14/06/1947

    "A Tom and Jerry cartoon, riffing off of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, in which Tom concocts a deadly potion but finds that it only makes Jerry stronger."

    Egyptian Melodies

    Filed under: animation, , , , , ,

    Producer(s): Walt Disney

    Release Date: 21/06/1931

    "A spider enters the Sphinx in Egypt. Inside he falls down stairs, hides from dancing mummies and witnesses murals come to life. He then runs away, afraid."

    Émile (Eugène Jean Louis) Courtet

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Émile Cohl was an important early independent cartoonist and animator, who was a caricaturist in the "Incoherent Movement" and has often been called "The Father of the Animated Cartoon.""

    Fantasmagorie

    Filed under: animation, , , ,

    Producer(s): Émile Cohl

    Release Date: 17/08/1908

    "A spectacle driven early silent era animation which depicted morphing stick figures and objects. Though sometimes attributed to be the first completely animated film, the animators hands are clearly visible at one point."

    Fiddlesticks

    Filed under: animation, , , , ,

    Producer(s): Ub Iwerks, Pat Powers

    Release Date: 16/08/1930

    "A straight forward narrative following flip and assorted animals making music."

    George Pal

    Filed under: people, , , ,

    "George Pal was an Oscar-winning, Hungarian-born animator, director and producer, and the creator of the Paramount Puppetoons stop-motion theatrical series, as well as many celebrated science-fiction films that combined Pal's expertise in special ef..."

    Gertie the Dinosaur

    Filed under: animation, , , ,

    Release Date: 1914

    "This silent B&W film, comprised of live action and animation, follows Windsor McCay's bet that he can return a dinosaur to life through the spectacle of animation."

    Grant Munro

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Grant Munro was an animator, actor, producer and filmmaker with the National Film Board of Canada, who was instrumental in many of the first developments of the film board and its associated studios. He was one of the board's earliest and longest ser..."

    Hermína Týrlová

    Filed under: people, , , , , , ,

    "Often called the mother of Czech animation, Hermína Týrlová was a pioneer in the long Czech tradition of puppet and stop-motion animation. She helped to found animation production at the major company Ziln Studios, laying further groundwork for fu..."

    Humorous Phases of Funny Faces

    Filed under: animation, , , , ,

    Release Date: 06/04/1906

    "Often considered to be the earliest surviving U.S. animated film. The film follows chalkboard sketches that seemingly come to life."

    I Love to Singa (1936)

    Filed under: animation, , , , , , , , ,

    Producer(s): Leon Schlesinger

    International Film Service

    Filed under: studio, , , , , ,

    "A subsidiary of William Randolph Hearst's International News Service, IFS was created to translate popular comic strips of the day into cartoons, making them into "living comic strips", and intended to boost paper sales. Following the successes of hi..."

    Jam Handy Organization

    Filed under: studio, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Jam Handy Organization was founded by Jam Handy just before the First World War. The company produced educational, advertising, and training films. During the First and Second World Wars, Jam Handy Organization animated and produced training and inst..."

    Jan Švankmajer

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Jan Švankmajer is a Czechoslovakian surrealist artist, filmmaker and animator. His work revolves around the exploration of imaginative meanings within objects of the everyday specifically through their tactile qualities. Filled with grotesque imager..."

    Kenzō Masaoka

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Masaoka was one of the first Japanese animators, who also trained and guided artists who would move on to become the next generation of animators. Masaoka is credited with creating the earliest anime using cel animation and recorded sound. He has als..."

    Ko-Ko Trains ‘Em

    Filed under: animation, , , , , ,

    Producer(s): Max Fleischer, Alfred Weiss

    Release Date: 09/05/1925

    "Ko-Ko becomes jealous of Max's attention to his young ward and her dog, and tries to create a circus by training animals, then fleas."

    Krazy Kat Goes A-Wooing (1916)

    Filed under: animation, , , , ,

    Laugh-O-Gram Studio

    Filed under: studio, , , , ,

    "Walt Disney incorporated Laugh-O-Gram Films, Inc. in May 1922. He set up a studio on the second floor of the McConahy Building at Thirty-first and Forest in New York City. As Paul Terry had used Aesop's Fables for the basis of his cartoons, Disney us..."

    Laverne Harding

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Laverne Harding was the second female studio animator in history, and one of the first to receive onscreen credit for her work. She started out as an inker for the Walter Lantz Productions, moving on to do animation work for several of the Lantz Prod..."

    Lillian Friedman Foster

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , ,

    "Lilian Friedman Astor was the first American female studio animator and worked at Fleischer studios. "

    Making ‘Em Move

    Filed under: animation, , , , ,

    Release Date: 1931

    "A classic 1931's cartoon from Van Beuren Studios, Make 'Em Move depicts a mischievous female character whom stumbles in onto the scene of a cartoon factory bursting with drawings and jazz music. The animals depicted create animation much like themsel..."

    Martin Arnold Films

    Filed under: resource, , , , , , ,

    "Martin Arnold's films use segments of old American cartoons, from which he has obscured and deleted features in order to focus viewer attention on the sound, repetition and movement of specific and recurring forms.His work has been shown at 168 inter..."

    Max Fleischer

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Max Fleischer was an American inventor born in Hungary, who moved to the United States with his family at the age of 4 and later became a filmmaker, animator, director and producer, famous for serving as the head of his own animation studio, Fleisch..."

    Milton (Milt) Kahl

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Milt Kahl was an renown animator and director who was a part of Disney's group of “Nine Old Men”, who created and designed many Disney characters, and whose distinctive style had a large influence within the history of the studio. "

    Neighbours (1952)

    Filed under: animation, , , , , ,

    Night on Bald Mountain (1933)

    Filed under: animation,

    "The very first pinscreen animation, Night on Bald Mountain is set to Mussorsgky's work of the same name. It features an eerie play of shadows and animal forms, merging the pastoral with the terrifying monstrosity of the mountain and the witches' Sabb..."

    Oliver Wallace

    Filed under: people, , , , , , ,

    "Born in England, Wallace studied music widely, in London as well as in Chicago, San Francisco and Los Angeles. First relocating to Canada in 1904, Oliver eventually settled in the United States, becoming a citizen 10 years later in 1914. After compl..."

    Oswald – All Wet

    Filed under: animation, , , , , ,

    Producer(s): Charles Mintz, George Winkler

    Release Date: 31/10/1927

    "Oswald has a hotdog stand that is plagued by mice. He closes the stand to pursue Fanny romantically. After Fanny rejects Oswald's advances, he bribes a lifeguard to let him take over in order that Oswald can impress Fanny. After Fanny notices Oswald ..."

    Ōten Shimokawa

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , ,

    "Ōten Shimokawa was one of the pioneers of Japanese animation, who is believed to have produced the very first “true” anime film.Shimokawa was born in Maiyakojima Prefecture in 1892, though moved to Tokyo when we was 9. He began his working life..."

    Otto Messmer

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , ,

    "Messmer was a legendary American cartoonist and animator, who was best know as the creator of Felix the Cat, who is considered the first major cartoon star."

    Out of the Inkwell Films/Fleischer Studios

    Filed under: studio, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Out of the Inkwell Films, renamed Fleischer Studios in 1929, was founded by brothers- Dave and Max Fleischer, in 1921. The Fleischers' studio was one of the most influential and successful animation studios in the silent era as well as in the Golden ..."

    Paramount Cartoon Studios/Famous Studios

    Filed under: studio, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Famous Studios, renamed Paramount Cartoon Studios in 1956, was the animation division of Paramount Pictures.  The studio was formed in 1942 after Paramount took over Fleischer Studios in 1941, when the Fleischer brothers were not able to repay their..."

    Patrick Anthony (Pat) Powers

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Pat Powers was an influential American businessman who was involved with the film and animation developments inAmericaduring the first part of the twentieth century. His most important development being the work of Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, who he b..."

    Pigs is Pigs

    Filed under: animation, , , , , , , ,

    Producer(s): Leon Schlesinger 

    Release Date: 1937

    "This 1937 Merrie Melodies short stereotypes pigs as gluttonous, insatiable beings whose mortal sins have explosive consequences. Piggy has a hunger that cannot be fulfilled, and much to the chagrin of his mother all he does throughout the day is fant..."

    Popeye the Sailor

    Filed under: animation, , , , , , ,

    Producer(s): Max Fleischer

    "This Popeye The Sailor cartoon features Betty Boop, as well as a live action intro featuring Popeye on the cover of a real newspaper. In this cartoon short Olive and Popeye go to the fun fare, and play games in attempt to win prizes, only to be usu..."

    Punch and Judy (1966)

    Filed under: animation, , ,

    Rudy Ising

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , ,

    "Ising began his animation career first working for Walt Disney, and was the lifelong business partner of Hugh Harman, producing Oscar-winni..."

    Sadie Friedlander Bodin

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Sadie Bodin was an extremely influential animator, being the first to picket an animation studio during the fight for animation workers' rights in the 1930s. Bodin was also one of the few women animators to move up into managerial positions, becoming..."

    School Days (1932)

    Filed under: animation, , , , , ,

    Release Date: 14/05/1932

    "School Days features Flip trying to prevent his dog from coming to school with him. His dog eventually comes all the way to school, however, wreaking havoc in the classroom by chasing a skunk in. Everyone runs from the classroom, ending school early."

    Seymour Kneitel

    Filed under: people, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    "Seymour Kneitel was an early American animator, most well known for his work with Fleischer Studios. After the studio closed, he headed its successor, Famous Studios."

    Silly Scandals

    Filed under: animation, , , , ,

    Producer(s): Max Fleischer, Adolph Zukor

    Release Date: 23/05/1931

    "This cartoon marks the origin of Betty Boop (at least the name anyway, the character, or at least one with an uncanny resemblance, had appeared before). Bimbo sneaks into a vaudeville theater to see Betty perform. He is enthralled with her performanc..."

    Sinkin’ In The Bathtub

    Filed under: animation, , , , , , ,

    Producer(s): Leon Schlesinger

    Release Date: 19/04/1930

    "Both racist and a blatant ripoff of Mickey Mouse, this is the first Looney Tunes cartoon. It follows Bosko bathing and then having an adventure on a tiny anthropomorphic train, during this he courts Honey."

    Snow White (1933)

    Filed under: animation, , , , , ,

    Spring Hits a Snag (1961)

    Filed under: animation, , , , ,

    Release Date: 1961

    Steamboat Willie

    Filed under: animation, , , , ,

    Producer(s): Walt Disney, Roy O. Disney

    Release Date: 29/07/1928

    "The first Mickey Mouse cartoon with synchronized sound. Disney agonized over the synchronization of sound to the animation in Steamboat Willie. The cartoon also introduces a prototypical Minnie mouse. Mickey's pretty much a jerk within the narrative ..."